Solar market research

U.S. Residential Solar PV Financing: The Vendor, Installer and Financier Landscape, 2013-2016

Third-party financing of solar PV has become the predominant business model in some of the largest residential markets in the U.S.; today, third-party financed residential installations comprise greater than 50% of new capacity in California, Arizona, Colorado and Massachusetts, with the model gaining greater market share in other states such as Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Texas, Vermont, and Washington.

Prior to 2010, there were few residential third-party ownership (TPO) vendors. SolarCity and Sunrun pioneered the residential third-party financing model, closely followed by Sungevity. SunPower entered not long after, offering residential leases through its enviable dealer network. Today, we count at least ten major TPO companies operating, and a number of others still getting off the ground. Each company has a unique business model; some have an in-house solar renewable energy credit (SREC) trading business, while others offer energy management services such as energy audits in addition to solar installations. 

FIGURE: GTM Research U.S. Residential Solar Finance Landscape Map

Source: GTM Research

This 21-page report from GTM Research provides an integrated look at the vendors, installers and financiers addressing third-party residential markets across 13 U.S. states. The report analyzes the leading vendors and their business models, the strategic relationships and market shares of third-party residential installers as well as the financiers that are capitalizing on the market. In addition, the brief examines the total addressable residential market in the U.S. with forecasts to 2016.

Companies Mentioned Include: American Solar Direct • Astrum Solar • BGE • Blackstone Group • Canadian Solar • Centrosolar • Citi • Clean Power Finance • Cobalt Power • Constellation • Credit Suisse • Energy Capital Partners • Galkos • Goldman Sachs • Google • GRID Alternatives • Hanwha Solar • Hyundai • Kyocera • LG • MorganStanley • Motech • NRG Solar • OneRoof Energy • One Block off the Grid • PetersenDean • PG&E • Q-Cells • Rabobank • REC • REC Solar • Real Goods Solar • Roof Diagnostics • Sharp • SolarCity • SolarWorld • Solar Monkey • Solar Service Center • SunEdison • Sungevity • Sunpower • Sunrun • Suntech • Trina Solar • Trinity Heating and Air • U.S. Bancorp • Verengo Solar • Vivint • Yingli

Download the report's brochure for a complete Table of Contents and List of Figures as well as more in-depth information on the report's analysis.

Pdf Icondownload

Report Author


Shayle Kann directs GTM Research, the market analysis, advisory and consulting division of Greentech Media. Shayle manages the full research program and analyst team with responsibility for strategy, business development, and product development. An expert on solar markets, he has presented at conferences around the world, been featured in publications such as The Economist, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, Forbes, Bloomberg, Reuters, and Financial Times, and spoken at Harvard, Yale, MIT and Columbia. He has also testified in front of the U.S. House of Representatives Natural Resources Committee on the state and future of the U.S. solar market.

Prior to joining GTM, Shayle was a U.S. Fulbright Scholar in Australia, studying the impacts of the global financial crisis on wind project finance. He has a Bachelor’s cum laude, phi beta kappa from Pomona College.

Follow Shayle Kann on Twitter: @shaylekann

Ready to Purchase?

Please select a report license below.

Single Site License: $995

Enterprise License : $1,995

Enterprise licenses are for organizations with multiple research users. Enterprise license customers are permitted to share this report internally, among multiple locations of the organizations, and host the report on an Intranet and make it accessible to employees. The report may not be shared with outside entities.

Pdf Blue Lg

download brochure

White Arrow

strategic inquiries

  • What are the key markets for residential solar PV leasing in the U.S.?
  • Which vendors are leading the market and what business models are allowing them to stay ahead?
  • What are the market shares of the leading residential third-party installers nationally?
  • What is the value of the residential solar financing market today and what will it be in the next five years?
  • Which investors are providing funds to vendors for residential solar PV leasing?

contact: Justin Freedman

Phone: 617.500.6243