U.S. Wholesale DER Aggregation: Q1 2016
Distributed energy resources (DERs) are increasingly impacting wholesale energy market structures and pricing. U.S. independent system operators (ISOs) made initial reforms more than a decade ago to incorporate and monetize traditional demand response (DR), including demand and distributed generation (DG) resources. However, increasing penetration levels of solar, energy storage, and electric vehicle resources are creating new opportunities to monetize distributed resources and expanding the importance of aggregation in wholesale energy markets and for future distribution services.
DER Aggregation, Coordination and Scheduling Entities
New regulatory constructs at both the wholesale and distribution levels are developing to account for and optimize investment and use of both traditional DR and new distributed resources. This report describes current regulation, market activities, and innovative pilots involving DER aggregation across PJM, MISO, CAISO and ERCOT. It's the first in a new quarterly series on U.S. DER aggregation.